Peripheral neuropathy is the term used for disorders that are caused by damage to the body’s peripheral nervous system. Peripheral neuropathy can be separated into two categories: polyneuropathy and mononeuropathy. People most commonly suffer from polyneuropathy.
When damage or dysfunction is caused to the nervous system, the nerves are unable to function properly which can cause pain. This is called neuropathic pain. The pain stems from the nerves inability to transmit sensations to the brain, resulting in a sense of numbness or lack of sensation altogether. Sometimes, a person experiences pain in the affected area.